AUTHORIZATION TO RETURN TO CANADA (ARC)
An Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC) applies to someone who has been removed from Canada and now wishes to return to Canada.
You cannot apply for ARC within Canada or at a port of entry. An ARC must be submitted at the consulate or Embassy serving the foreign national.
Not all kind of removals require an ARC. There are three types of removal orders:
- Departure Order
- Exclusion Order
- Deportation Order
If you received a Departure Order, you must leave Canada within 30 days and while leaving Canada you must not forget to obtain a departure record confirming that you have left Canada within 30 days.
If you have received an Exclusion Order, you will not be allowed to come to Canada for 1 to 2 years. An ARC is will be required if you wish to return prior to the expiration of the applicable period.
If you have received a Deportation Order, an ARC will be required under any circumstance. The vast majority of deportation orders are failed refugee claims. The typical example is a denied refugee claimant who leaves Canada, enters the US, marries a US citizen, becomes a permanent resident of the United States, then a US citizen, and then wants to return to Canada to visit family. In this case, an ARC is required even if the deportation occurred decades ago.
Other deportation orders stem from failed admissibility hearings or persons who were otherwise deported as a result of committing a crime.
How to apply for ARC
If you are applying for a visa or permit to come to Canada you must include all of the required documents with your application, including:
- a Temporary Resident Visa application form, fully completed online and validated to create the barcode page.
- two passport size photographs taken within the last six months.
- a copy of your passport.
- a written letter (in English or French) explaining, in detail, the reasons you feel you should be allowed to return to Canada. The letter must be written in block letters in black ink or typed.
- the processing fee ($400 CAD).
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